Does art communicate a humanly conceived message, which would imply that the artist contains whatever the work of art expresses, or does it 'merely' facilitate (for instance) a sense of the abstract whole of which one is part, like a calibration of the self with the Ideal of being?
I used to believe that art is a means of communication, however, the most profound art seems to communicate something that is way beyond artist or artwork. This way, the work of art would be like a clearing in a clouded sky allowing lightbeams trough; a piece of infrastructure, a channel, rather than a humanly conceived 'message' being passed on to the beholder.
And as an aside: if both artist and artwork are merely media, is art still to be considered a feat of human interaction? Is the object of art a cultural attainment? Is art a cultural endeavour proper?