Objection. Roth grandfathered flamboyant wiggerdom and naught else. Van Halen opened for Black Sabbath's Never Say Die 1978 tour. Dave observed, mimicked and eventually monkeyed-down Ozzy's stage antics. That's where we got hairspray hard rock acts like Great White, Kix, Winger and the rest. They in turn gave "metal" its fun circus (remember Circus magazine in the 80s?) atmosphere that academia has been dismissive toward. If it's rock and roll, it isn't metal.