What is the relationship between the 'monkey see, monkey do' example with the dogs and means/ends reasoning?
Ends reasoning: I pick a goal, then pick the method toward it.
Means reasoning: One method will always work, so if someone on TV has a cute dog and lives a happy TV life, maybe by buying the cute dog (a method) I can achieve that happy TV life (an end).
Also, how does the example relate to the contrast between the means-over-ends way of thinking and the conservative/nihilist/whatever way of thinking?
Means-over-ends: let's think backward. The effect can become the cause of itself.
Ends-over-means: let's think forward. We need to envision (scientific/natural selection method: study, hypothesize, test, modify) what effect we need and what cause will create it. Is the TV family happy because they bought a dog, or because they're a fantasy?